chart_school:technical_indicators

**Technical Indicators** are the often squiggly lines found above, below and on-top-of the price information on a technical chart. Indicators that use the same scale as prices are typically plotted on top of the price bars and are therefore referred to as **“Overlays.”**

If you are new to stock charting and the use of technical indicators, this article will help you get going:

**Introduction to Technical Indicators and Oscillators**- An in-depth introduction to the various kind of technical indicators and oscillators out there. A “must read” article for StockCharts.com users.

- Bollinger Bands - A chart overlay that shows the upper and lower limits of 'normal' price movements based on the Standard Deviation of prices.
- Chandelier Exit - A indicator that can be used to set trailing stop-losses for both long and short position.
- Ichimoku Cloud - A comprehensive indicator that defines support and resistance, identifies trend direction, gauges momentum and provides trading signals.
- Kaufman's Adaptive Moving Average (KAMA) - A unique moving average that accounts for volatility and automaticaly adjusts to price behavior.
- Keltner Channels - A chart overlay that shows upper and lower limits for price movements based on the Average True Range of prices.
- Moving Averages - Chart overlays that show the 'average' value over time. Both Simple Moving Averages (SMAs) and Exponential Moving Averages (EMAs) are explained.
- Moving Average Envelopes - A chart overlay consisting of a channel formed from simple moving averages.
- Parabolic SAR- A chart overlay that shows reversal points below prices in an uptrend and above prices in a downtrend.
- Pivot Points- A chart overlay that shows reversal points below prices in an uptrend and above prices in a downtrend.
- Price Channels - A chart overlay that shows a channel made from the highest high and lowest low for a given period of time.
- Volume By Price - A chart overlay with a horizontal histogram showing the amount of activity at various price levels.
- Volume-weighted Average Price (VWAP) - An intraday indicator based on total dollar value of all trades for the current day divided by the total trading volume for the current day.

- Accumulation/Distribution Line - Combines price and volume to show how money may be flowing into or out of a stock.
- Aroon - Uses Aroon Up and Aroon Down to determine whether a stock is trending or not.
- Aroon Oscillator - Measures the difference between Aroon Up and Aroon Down.
- Average Directional Index (ADX) - Shows whether a stock is trending or oscillating.
- Average True Range (ATR) - Measures a stock's volatility.
- BandWidth - Shows the percentage difference between the upper and lower Bollinger Band.
- %B Indicator - Shows the relationship between price and standard deviation bands.
- Commodity Channel Index (CCI) - Shows a stock's variation from its 'typical' price.
- Coppock Curve - An oscillator that uses rate-of-change and a weighted moving average to measure momentum.
- Correlation Coefficient - Shows the degree of correlation between two securities over a given time frame.
- Chaikin Money Flow (CMF) - Combines price and volume to show how money may be flowing into or out of a stock. Alternative to Accumulation/Distribution Line.
- Chaikin Oscillator - Combines price and volume to show how money may be flowing into or out of a stock. Based on Accumulation/Distribution Line.
- DecisionPoint Price Momentum Oscillator (PMO) - An advanced momentum indicator that tracks a stock's rate of change.
- Detrended Price Oscillator (DPO) - A price oscillator that uses a displaced moving average to identify cycles.
- Ease of Movement (EMV) - An indicator that compares volume and price to identify significant moves.
- Force Index - A simple price-and-volume oscillator.
- Mass Index - An indicator that identifies reversals when the price range widens.
- Moving Average Convergence/Divergence Oscillator (MACD) - A momentum oscillator based on the difference between two EMAs.
- MACD-Histogram - A momentum oscillator that shows the difference between MACD and its signal line.
- Money Flow Index (MFI) - A volume-weighted version of RSI that shows shifts is buying and selling pressure.
- Negative Volume Index (NVI) - A cumulative volume-based indicator used to identify trend reversals.
- On Balance Volume (OBV) - Combines price and volume in a very simple way to show how money may be flowing into or out of a stock.
- Percentage Price Oscillator (PPO) - A percentage-based version of the MACD indicator.
- Percentage Volume Oscillator (PVO) - The PPO indicator applied to volume instead of price.
- Price Relative / Relative Strength - Technical indicator that compares the performance of two stocks to each other by dividing their price data.
- Pring's Know Sure Thing (KST) - A momentum oscillator from Martin Pring based on the smoothed rate-of-change for four different time frames.
- Pring's Special K - A momentum indicator from Martin Pring that combines short-term, intermediate and long-term velocity.
- Rate of Change (ROC) and Momentum - Shows the speed at which a stock's price is changing.
- Relative Strength Index (RSI) - Shows how strongly a stock is moving in its current direction.
- RRG Relative Strength - Uses RS-Ratio to measure relative performance and RS-Momentum to measure the momentum of relative performance.
- StockCharts Technical Ranks (SCTRs) - Our relative ranking system based on a stock's technical strength.
- Slope - Measures the rise-over-run for a linear regression
- Standard Deviation (Volatility) - A statistical measure of a stock's volatility.
- Stochastic Oscillator (Fast, Slow, and Full) - Shows how a stock's price is doing relative to past movements. Fast, Slow and Full Stochastics are explained.
- StochRSI - Combines Stochastics with the RSI indicator. Helps you see RSI changes more clearly.
- TRIX - A triple-smoothed moving average of price movements.
- True Strength Index - An indicator that measures trend direction and identifies overbought/oversold levels.
- Ulcer Index - An indicator designed to measure market risk or volatility.
- Ultimate Oscillator - Combines long-term, mid-term and short-term moving averages into one number.
- Vortex Indicator - An indicator designed to identify the start of a new trend and define the current trend.
- Williams %R - Uses Stochastics to determine overbought and oversold levels.

We also have a large collections of Market Indicators documented on this page.