Top Advisors Corner

At the Edge of Chaos: The Fed Will Raise Rates—But By How Much? And How Will the Market Respond?

Joe Duarte

Joe Duarte

The stock market is probably pricing in a "pivot" of some sort from the Fed. This is a risky bet, especially in a poor liquidity environment.

And if you're having a déjà vu flash, it's because this rally looks a lot like the summer rally. On the other hand, we are entering the strong seasonal November to January period for stocks, which could favor an extension of what may turn out to be just another bear market rally. Still, in the short term, the fate of this rally is in the hands of what comes out of the November FOMC meeting and the next CPI release.

What We Know

The stock market has been rallying since the Fed's apparent leak to The Wall Street Journal a couple of weeks ago that it would raise rates by 0.75% in November and likely follow with a 0.50% increase in December. In addition, since the Fed's perceived "pause" pre-announcement, the Bank of Canada raised rates less than expected, and the European Central Bank (ECB) raised its rates by the expected 75 basis points while promising to raise rates further on a "meeting to meeting" basis based on data.

What the Stock Market Expects

The stock market has priced in somewhere around a 90% chance of a 75 basis point rate increase, as indicated by the CME Fed Watch ToolThe market will be looking for confirmation that the Fed will at least consider a pause, or a reduction in the pace and breadth of future rate increases. And since there is no press conference after this meeting, the central bank's post meeting statement will be crucial reading.

Where the Fed Is at the Moment

The U.S. central bank is between a rock and a hard place. Pressure is building on the Fed, with JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon recently stating that the Fed is making it difficult to run trading desks under the current situation. Meanwhile, at least two senators, Sherrod Brown (Ohio, D), Chair of the Senate's Banking Committee, and John Hickenlooper (Colorado, D), have publicly called for the Fed to stop raising rates.

For his part, Mr. Powell doesn't want to be seen as being politically motivated in his actions, which means that the 75 basis point is likely baked in. With GDP growth at 2.6% in the most recent quarter, the Fed may feel it has room to raise rates further. Of course, there are some hints out there, such as steady job losses in technology, as well as recently announced layoffs in real estate (Compass, Zillow and, more recently, Coldwell Banker and Sotheby's parent Anywhere), that some sectors of the economy may be in a recession. Recent reports suggest ongoing decreases in home sales and housing starts. Meanwhile tech company earnings, for the most part, plummeted. More recently, pending home sales fell.

In addition, the Fed is likely aware that its tightening actions (higher interest rates and quantitative tightening or QT) have impacted the liquidity of the stock market and the economy.

Obscure Data May be the Key

The Fed is known to use two obscure inflation measures—the PCE deflator (PCE) and the Employment Cost Index (ECI)—as major influences for its decision. Both numbers recently registered figures which, at best, showed a potential flattening of inflation, but no overt decrease. This flattening could give the Fed some cover for a December pause, but not for a less than 75 basis point rate hike in November.

Bonds May Have Made a Meaningful Move

The 10-Year U.S. Treasury Yield Index ($TNX) fell last week, but ended above 4% (see Chart 1). This suggests that bond traders recognize that some sectors of the economy are weakening while acknowledging that inflation, although it may have started slowing down, is still a problem.

Chart 1: The 10-Year U.S. Treasury Yield Index ($TNX) may have fallen but it's still above 4%. Keep an eye on the Bollinger Bands since $TNX tends to mean revert after it rises above the upper band.

A decisive break below 4% would be a bullish development for stocks. Note that the Bollinger Bands in this chart are set for two standard deviations above and below the 200-day simple moving average, which means that this chart is measuring a meaningful set of technical parameters. Thus, the recent reversal after $TNX rose above the upper band may be an important development.

What's the Most Likely Outcome?

My bet is that the Fed will raise interest rates by 75 basis points, although there's a minuscule chance of a 100 basis point rate increase. However, if the Fed raises by 100 basis points, it could catch the market well off guard and likely create at least a short-term market crash, which would almost certainly spread to the economy.

I expect the Fed to avoid mention of its future actions or loosely suggest that its next move may be data dependent. More important, however, the next CPI release, which is scheduled for November 10, will likely influence the odds of a 75 basis point increase in December.

The Bottom Line

If the Fed is seen as abandoning its tough inflation fighter image and the CPI comes in stronger than expected, I expect the current market rally to run into a brick wall. The Fed's statement after the November meeting and the subsequent CPI numbers are likely to be key data points. Meanwhile, the stock market could be entering a bullish seasonal period with all guns blazing, unless the Fed, poor liquidity, and inflation data squelch the rally.

Welcome to the Edge of Chaos:

"The edge of chaos is a transition space between order and disorder that is hypothesized to exist within a wide variety of systems. This transition zone is a region of bounded instability that engenders a constant dynamic interplay between order and disorder." – Complexity Labs

Old Tech Versus New Tech

The social media and big-cap tech stocks got crushed last week on earnings misses. This has spawned a flurry of speculation about a transition away from technology stocks into stocks of companies whose products are more relevant for the times.

In this space, I've noted this general concept many times focusing on the housing and energy sectors. Today, however, I'm going to compare old tech to new tech via two exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and what their price action may be suggesting.

First, let's look at the Ark Innovation ETF (ARKK), home to the so called tech of the future, with stocks such as EV kingpin Tesla (TSLA), cloud communications Twilio (TWLO), and crypto hub Coinbase (COIN). While these are not social media companies, they're considered bellwethers for the post-whatever buzzword that will describe the future technological landscape, with or without the Metaverse (see Chart 2).

Chart 2: ARKK looks like it still in bearish territory and has some ways to go before looking bullish but it's worth watching.

In the other corner (see Chart 3), we have the Technology Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLK), home to old money-printing machines such as Texas Instruments (TXN), Apple (AAPL) and Microsoft (MSFT).

Chart 3: Has XLK hit a resistance level at its upper Bollinger Band?

What's worthy of noting is that XLK is recovering faster than ARKK. Neither of these ETFs are necessarily in bull markets, but money is definitely moving faster into old tech than into future tech.

The key lies in the Volume-by-Price bars (VBP) for both ETFs. While ARKK has to climb a mountain of very thick bars before becoming interesting, XLK is already tackling its less formidable wall of resistance. That suggests that money flows are abandoning the future and moving into the past. Check out my latest stock pick here.

Short-Term Breadth Looks Bullish

The market's breadth has clearly bottomed. On the other hand, the recent bounce in liquidity may have stalled.

The NYSE Advance-Decline line ($NYAD) has bullishly crossed above its 20-day moving average as the Cboe Volatility Index ($VIX) has rolled over. That means money is moving into stocks and the number of put options being bought has been reduced. When $VIX falls, stocks tend to rally.

Chart 4: Has the liquidity rally rolled over? The $VIX seems to have rolled over (see top chart) which means money could be moving into stocks.

A close look at $NYAD shows that the recent low in the line was lower than its previous low, while the relative strength index (RSI) failed to confirm the second low. That's usually a very bullish sign, as it suggests that sellers finally capitulated.

On the other hand, the Eurodollar Index ($XED) rolled over, which suggests liquidity may be drying up again. If that trend continues, it would signal an early end to the rally in stocks.

The S&P 500 ($SPX) moved back above its 50-day moving average (see Chart 5), with the 3900-4000 area becoming the new resistance band to watch. The Accumulation Distribution Line and On Balance Volume (OBV) are both moving sideways, which suggests that there are still people sitting this rally out.

Chart 5: The Accumulation Distribution Line (Accum/Dist) and On Balance Volume (OBV) are moving sideways, which indicates that many investors may be sitting out the rally in the S&P 500 Index ($SPX).

The Nasdaq 100 index (NDX) remained above 11,000 with 11,500-12,000 still proving to be very credible resistance (see Chart 6).

Chart 6: The Nasdaq 100 Index ($NDX) is still hovering around its resistance level which looks to be between 11,500 and 12,000.

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Good news! I've made my NYAD-Complexity - Chaos chart (featured on my YD5 videos) and a few other favorites public. You can find them here.

Joe Duarte

In The Money Options

Joe Duarte is a former money manager, an active trader and a widely recognized independent stock market analyst since 1987. He is author of eight investment books, including the best selling Trading Options for Dummies, rated a TOP Options Book for 2018 by and now in its third edition, plus The Everything Investing in Your 20s and 30s Book and six other trading books.

The Everything Investing in Your 20s and 30s Book is available at Amazon and Barnes and Noble. It has also been recommended as a Washington Post Color of Money Book of the Month.

To receive Joe's exclusive stock, option and ETF recommendations, in your mailbox every week visit

Joe Duarte
About the author: is a former money manager, an active trader and a widely recognized independent stock market analyst going back to 1987. His books include the best selling Trading Options for Dummies, a TOP Options Book for 2018, 2019, and 2020 by, Trading Review.Net 2020 and Market Timing for Dummies. His latest best-selling book, The Everything Investing Guide in your 20's & 30's, is a Washington Post Color of Money Book of the Month. To receive Joe’s exclusive stock, option and ETF recommendations in your mailbox every week, visit the Joe Duarte In The Money Options website. Learn More